- 6,000,000,000 Consumption Machines by National Wildlife Federation.
A Special Moment in History, article by Bill Mckibben, Atlantic Monthly, May 1998.
An excellent article on how world population is exceeding carrying capacity.
- American Association for the Advancement of Science Atlas of Population and Environment,
using text, maps, and diagrams to show how population factors such as rates of growth, density, movement, and resource consumption, along with technology use, affect the world's ecosystems and natural resources both in the short and long term.
- An Analysis of the Controversy Over U.S. Support for International Family Planning; Bruce Sundquist. This is part of a substantial collection of information and data at
The Earth's Carrying Capacity - Some Literature Reviews
Carrying Capacity Network
produces the superb Focus journal as well as the massive Briefing Book. Highly recommended.
- The Earth's Carrying Capacity - some literature reviews; Bruce Sundquist
- Carrying Capacity as an Ethical Concept, essay on Garret Hardin's concepts.
- Center for Immigration Studies - Backgrounder reports
- Confronting The 21st Century's Hidden Crisis: Reducing Human Numbers by 80% by J. Kenneth Smail
- Energy and Human Evolution by David Price.
by Isaac Asimov about economics and overpopulation.
- Ethical Implications of Carrying Capacity, by Garrett Hardin.
Federation for American Immigration Reform Newsletter and Reports
- Feeding the Population Monster, c. Ronald Bleier; March 1997.
- Fix immigration: Favor aliens with job skills from
- Food, Land, Population, and the U.S. Economy, by David Pimentel, Cornell University and Mario Giampietro Isiituto Nazionale dell, Nutrizione, Rome.
Originally published by Carrying Capacity Network.
The United States is in a privileged situation compared to other nations in the world. At the same time, the United States is seriously risking loosing this privilege if more attention is not given to the control of population growth (including immigration), the sustainable management of natural resources, and the
development of alternative energy sources.
- Forest Futures: Population, Consumption and Wood Resources by Population Action International
- GSE Population Reports - a catalog of population reports.
The United States, Global Population and Our Common Future -
A Report to the American People from the Rockefeller Foundation.
Also see the summary
Rockefeller Commission Report.
How and Why Journalists Avoid the Population-Environment Connection.
Recent surveys show that Americans are less concerned about population than they were 25 years ago, and they are not connecting environmental degradation to population growth. Journalists are aware of the controversial nature of the population issue, and prefer to avoid it if possible.
How Many Americans Can the Earth Support? by David Pimentel.
How Many People Should the Earth Support?
by Ross McCluney.
- How To Influence Fertility: The Experience So Far by John R. Weeks.
- Human Population Numbers as a Function of Food Supply, Russell Hopfenburg and David Pimentel, 2000
- Human Population and Resource Use:
A Letter to World Leaders from Scientists
- Humanity seen as a cancer on Earth, Andy Lamey, National Post
- Humans as Cancer, by A. Kent MacDougall.
(plain text version).
"Never before in the history of the earth has a single species been so widely distributed and monopolized such a large fraction of the energetic resources."
- Human Population and Global Warming
- Impact of Population Growth on Food Supplies and the Environment, by David Pimentel, Xuewen Huang, Ana Cordova, and Marcia Pimentel.
As the world population expands, the food problem will become increasingly
severe, conceivably with the numbers of malnourished reaching 3 billion.
- Is Humanity Suicidal?
a readable essay by Edward O. Wilson, New York Times Magazine.
- Is One Enough? Will China's generation without siblings break away from the one-child rule?
Is There a Population Problem?, by Al Bartlett.
A clear, concise explanation of the population problem.
Also see additional articles by Prof. Bartlett.
Laws, Hypotheses, Observations and Predictions relating to Sustainability, by Albert Bartlett.
Builds upon Garrett Hardin's Three Laws of Human Ecology; Interesting reading.
- Malthusian Truths About Today's World, Georgie Anne Geyer; short article.
- Refugees and Migration, by Peter Stalker - a globalist perspective.
Maximum Occupancy - How Many Can the Earth Support by Joel E. Cohen; 1996.
Negative Population Growth papers include the NPG Forum series, NPG Special Papers, NPG Footnotes, and NPG Position Papers.
Excellent material from experts in the fields of population and sustainability.
- On The Threshold: Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict, Thomas F. Homer-Dixon, University of Toronto.
- Optimum Human Population Size, Gretchen C. Daily, University of California, Anne H. Ehrlich and Paul R. Ehrlich, Stanford University; July 1994.
- Optimum Population and the Search for Sustainability, M. Boyd Wilcox; founder National Optimum Population Council.
Overpopulation - The World's Problem - short paper.
Pathfinder International Publications and Medical Training Modules
Population-Environment Balance Report, Publications, and Data Sheets.
Excellent material from established writers in the fields of population and sustainability.
Pressure Points-Human Numbers Sandy Irvine; from
The Real WORLD Resources Guide,
discusses demographic transition and overpopulation.
Population and Food, short essay, Tom Easton; 1996.
Population Council Reports
Population Growth - a short paper.
is a primary reference tool to the world's population literature.
Population Institute 1998 World Population Overview And Outlook 1999
President's Council on Sustainable Development -
Project on Environment, Population, and Security
researches the relationship between population growth, renewal resource
scarcities, migration, and violent conflict.
- Population Growth and Intergenerational Justice, by Clark Wolf.
Population Reference Bureau report:
Record Number of Young People Reaching Childbearing Years.
They also publish
Bulletin reports, including
Generations of Diversity: Latinos in The United States, by Jorge del Pinal and Audrey Singer; Population Bulletin, Vol 52, No. 3 (October 1997), and
International Migration: A Global Challenge, Philip Martin and Jonas Widren; Population Bulletin, Vol. 51, No. 1 (April 1996).
Full catalog of
- Poptech Reports from the Population Technical Assistance Project, supporting U.S. Agency for International Development.
Reflections on Sustainability, Population Growth, and the Environment - Revisited, by Al Bartlett;
first published in Population & Environment.
The main message of the paper is contained in the first two Laws of Sustainability, which point out that in any society, population
growth cannot be sustained, and that the larger the population, the more difficult it will be for the society to achieve sustainability.
Regionwide Planning Will Make the Problems Worse, by Albert A. Bartlett.
Clearly states why both "smart growth" and "dumb growth" will destroy the environment.
- Revisiting Carrying Capacity - Area-Based Indicators of Sustainability.
A very well-written paper stating how
traditional economic models are blind to ecological structure and function, and cannot properly address the issue of sustainability.
Roper Poll -
Americans Have Spoken: No Further Population Growth.
- Science Summit on World Population.
Scientists Say Future is in the Balance
- Shut The Door While There's Still Room ... For Whom?, Jo Campbell; article.
www.SprawlCity.org presents new reports using Census Bureau data to show how population growth strongly relates to sprawl.
- State of the World, 1999,
published by WorldWatch Institute.
- State of World Population, 1999 United Nations Population Fund, part of their annual series
State of World Population Report, see
Steady-State Economics, by Herman E. Daly.
- Sustainability - A Choice to Consider
is a well-written and informative site, designed to encourage discussion of population and sustainability issues.
- Sustainable Growth: An Impossibility Theorem, Herman E. Daly.
- The Alan Guttmacher Institute reports and papers, including:
Title X and the U.S. Family Planning Effort and
U.S. Support for Family Planning Overseas: The Program and the Politics.
- The Big Squeeze, by Norman Myers; San Diego Earth Times;
an article on population, consumption, and carrying capacity.
- The Cornucopia Scam, by Sandy Irvine; Wild Earth.
discusses the need for an ethic of sustainability.
The Environmental Movement's Retreat from Advocating U.S. Population Stabilization;
by Roy Beck and Leon Kolankiewicz.
This article is highly recommended to all population activists,
environmentalists, and funders of environmental organizations.
It examines in detail the events leading to abandonment
of domestic population stabilization efforts by major environmental
organizations. ZPG and Sierra Club are used as case studies in the
- The Solution, essay by George Braislford.
- The History of the Human Population,
Scientific American; September 1974, 212-451-8859,
Authoritative illustrated articles.
- The Population-Environment Connection
What Does It Mean for Environmental Policy? - A research paper by Battelle Seattle Research Center.
"Environmental issues are inherently human issues. As emphasized throughout this report, human activity both
affects and in turn is affected by the environment. An understanding of human population demography is one
important element in understanding that relationship."
The Massive Movement to Marginalize the Modern Malthusian Message, Al Bartlett.
Originally published in
The Social Contract,
this article discusses how those wishing to downplay the seriousness of overpopulation have attempted to marginalize the population message.
- The New Flat Earth Society, by Albert Bartlett.
The author disproves cornucopians who claim that the earth offers an inexhaustible supply of resources for humankind.
- The Royal Society and the National Academy of Sciences on Population Growth and Sustainability
The Social Contract
A Quarterly Journal on Social Issues,
The Social Contract Press, Petosky, MI,
This journal carries excellent articles on overpopulation and sustainability.
Search for articles - 10 years of articles are archived on the web!
The Tightening Conflict: Population, Energy Use, and the Ecology of Agriculture, by Mario Giampietro and David Pimentel.
In the last half century the technological development of agriculture has dramatically changed the performance of farming in both positive and negative ways.
There is No Global Population Problem
by Garrett Hardin.
- There Is No High-Tech Labor Shortage, a report by one of the nation's foremost experts on the impact of foreign workers in the U.S. information technology industry questions the rationale for proposed increases in the number of
visas for computer programmers. From the Center for Immigration Studies.
- Too Many Rich People - Weighing Relative Burdens on the Planet; Paul R. Ehrlich, 1994.
Top of the Ninth, by Joel Campbell.
The world as we know it cannot sustain much more population growth without increasing the instances of food shortages, lack of resources, poverty, ozone depletion, deforestation, and desertification, to name a few. Something must be done soon because "Nature bats last!". Interesting reading.
U.S. Census Bureau - -
- U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform
Reports to Congress,
(a summary is available).
- U.S. Food Production Threatened by Rapid Population Growth, by David & Marcia Pimentel, 1997, Cornell University.
- Understanding the Population/Environment Connection
from the Union of Concerned Scientists.
- United Nations Population Conferences
it took 40 years to build consensus.
- Way Too Many For Us, Hillel J. Hoffmann; a short, readable article.
- What exactly is carrying capacity?
- Why Family Planning Matters, from The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.
- Why Population Matters - Handbook for environmental Activists, booklet, National Audubon Society; 1991.
An excellent short introduction to the subject of overpopulation.
- Will Limits of the Earth's Resources Control Human Numbers?, David Pimentel, O. Bailey, P. Kim, E. Mullaney, J. Calabrese, L. Walman, F. Nelson, X. Yao;
Environment Development and Sustainability, issue 1, 1999.
- World Population Overview 1998 and Outlook 1999, published by
World Population Institute.
- World Population Prospects, 1990, United Nations, Dept. International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Studies, #120,
ISBN 92-1-151223-9. (607p,$85.00),
Contains population statistics by region and country.
- World Resources, World Resources Institute United Nations Environment Programme, and United Nations Development Programme; biennial 1990-91, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-506229-9 (paper),
($17.95), ISBN 0-19-506228-0 (hard cover) ($29.95),
Contains statistics on world resource use.
- WorldWatch Institute Papers
- 20 million Optimum Population for Britain, David Willey; The Optimum Population Trust.
Additional Catalogs of Reports
- Annotated Bibliography of Canadian Demography, University of Western Ontario.
- Asia-Pacific Population & Policy.
- Requiem - Table of Contents.
- University of Wisconsin-Madison, Demographic Working, Discussion and Conference Papers.
Also see their
CDE Online Newsstand.
- United Nations Population Information Network - Journals and Newsletters.
- Also see Organizations - many organizations publish their own series of reports.
- For more information on general environmental issues, see
Magazines and Journals
- American Demographics
- Atlantic Monthly - Immigration Issues
- Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
- Demographics Journal online newsletter.
- E Magazine, July-August 1999 (single issue);
- European Journal of Population
Free Inquiry, Spring 1999 (single issue), Vol 19, Num 2; Council for Secular Humanism, 1310 Sweet Home Rd, Amherst, NY, 14228; 716.636.7571.
An excellent set of articles on the world population problem. Easily read and contains valuable facts and information.
- Genus - An International Journal of Demography, University of Rome "La Sapienza".
- International Journal of Population Geography
- Mathematical Population Studies
- Migration Dialogue, University of California
National Geographic Population Issue, October 1998 (single issue); National Geographic Society, 1147 W. 17th St. N.W., Washington, DC 20036-4688.
Discusses world overpopulation - an excellent reference.
- People and Place,
published quarterly by the Australian Forum for Population Studies,
presents key information on migration patterns, the labour market,
urban growth, the environment and related topics.
- People & the Planet A World Beyond 6 Billion, Volume 8, Number 1, 1999.
- Popfest Internet Journal of research in Population Studies and Demography, by Population Studies Postgraduates from British Universities.
- Population, Sexual & Reproductive Health, and The Environment, a monthly on-line news digest from
Population Communications International
- Population and Development Review seeks to advance knowledge of the interrelationships between population and socioeconomic development.
- Population Index, Princeton University
catalogs population articles.
- Population Newsletter, U.N., includes reports and population projections.
- Population Research and Policy Review
- Population Studies, Population Investigation Committee, London.
- Studies in Family Planning, an international quarterly concerned with all aspects of reproductive health.
- The Mankind Quarterly
includes articles and reviews including population, immigration and public policy.
Wild Earth, Winter 1997/98 (single issue); PO Box 455, Richmond, VT, 05477; a publication of
The Wildlands Project. Features articles on overpopulation.
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